The implementation of the Kinderförderungsgesetz (Child Promotion Act, KiföG) is annually put to the test according to a comprehensive evaluation concept. With the KiföG Evaluation Reports, the State Government fulfils its obligation under § 24a Paragraph 5 SGB VIII to submit an annual report to the German Bundestag on the status of daycare expansion, which provides information on the development of the share of children in institutional daycare, the level of expansion achieved and further expansion requirements. Each report focuses separately on one subject area.

The basis for all reports is the data from the official statistics on child and youth welfare on the state of expansion. This is a complete survey of all around 51,500 daycare facilities and all 572 youth welfare offices as of 1 March of the corresponding year.

Four additional surveys on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women, and Youth (BMFSFJ) supplement this database:

  • Firstly, each year a voluntary survey is conducted among all youth welfare offices at the district or municipal level. (A complete survey of all youth welfare offices in Germany. Despite the voluntary nature of the survey, there was a great response to the survey conducted by post and online. Approx. 60 percent took part in the survey).
  • Secondly, an annual nationwide survey of daycare personnel (Tagespflegepersonen) is conducted. (Approx. 3,600 of the 42,700 daycare workers in Germany are interviewed for the representative sample.)
  • Thirdly, a survey of daycare institutions is also carried out, repeatedly and nationwide. (The representative random sample stratified by federal states covers almost 6,800 childcare facilities. The net sample comprises approx. 1,900 facilities, which after deduction of the systematic failure corresponds to a response rate of 33 percent.)
  • Fourthly, an annual survey of parents shows the perspective of parents with children under three years of age. (The representative survey comprises approx. 800 children per age cohort).

On behalf of the BMFSFJ, the DJI conducted an additional survey on AID:A 2009 preparing the KiföG Report 2011, which collects the childcare situation of children unter the age of three years. While parents of children aged 1.5 to under tree years were already interviewed in the previous year and therefore continue the panel, younger children are newly drawn each year.

This additional study, a survey of parents with children aged zero to under three, the following aspects in particular are to be examined in more detail:

  • The use of (institutional as well as informal) childcare
  • The reasons given by the parents for (not) making use of the institutional childcare
  • The demand and expectations of the parents regarding the childcare facilities (quality and quantity)
  • Current and future parental demand in Germany for this age group

The KiföG study is also a survey of parents with children under three years of age, consisting of 16 representative studies, one for each of the federal states.

The survey is mainly based on telephone interviews. If parents did not find time for a telephone interview, they also had the opportunity to complete an online questionnaire or take part in a written survey. The survey records the childcare situation and the demand for childcare of the parents in the single federal states. Furthermore, the household situation was surveyed and socio-demographic questions were asked about the respondent and his/her partner. The number of observations is approx. 12,600 respondents.

The aim of the survey was to provide differentiated information at the federal state level on the use of and demand for institutional childcare.


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