The DJI Survey Growing up in Germany: Everyday Worlds collects data on the growing up of children and adolescents as well as on the living conditions of adults and families in Germany. It has been carried out at regular intervals since 2009 on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (BMFSFJ).

The aim of the study is to describe factors and constellations that shape and influence the life course of individuals. In addition to personal influences - such as individual competencies and abilities, values, subjective interpretations and the individual's vision of the future, as well as concrete activities - the study also takes into account the changing social conditions that individuals have to cope with today. In addition, individuals are always integrated into social contexts: They operate in family contexts and stand in different generational relationships. These social factors shape the life course, individual lifestyle and life planning as well as individual characteristics.

Accordingly, the respondents to the study are not considered and analysed as isolated individuals, but as members of comprehensive social networks in the context of specific biographies. For example, the concept of the family as a network means not only defining the family as a form of living or household, but also placing the lived relationships at the centre of the analysis and thus including multilocal families, for example. The individual circumstances are then set in relation to the institutional contexts that an individual goes through in his or her development (day-care centre, school, education, etc.) and which provide him or her with support (state aid).

The last 30 years of survey research at the DJI provide important insights into the growing up of children, adolescents and young adults in Germany today and in the past as well as the role of family, other growing up contexts and society in general. In the newly published AID:A 2019 survey, we now hope to build on these findings and to open up new subject areas, such as the increasing digitalisation of everyday life and the world of education and work.


+49 89 62306-322
Deutsches Jugendinstitut
Nockherstr. 2
81541 Munich

Sponsored by

Bundesministerium für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend

Additional Information


The situation of single mothers and fathers has been increasingly discussed in Germany for some time. This is also due to the fact that the number of single mothers and fathers has increased significantly in recent years, both in Germany and internationally. However, previous studies have concentrated primarily on the economic situation of single-parent families. Comparatively little is known so far about family processes within this way of life, about contact with the other parent, about the care situation and other everyday questions.
In order to close this gap, 1376 parents were identified from a survey representative of the population (DJI-Kinderbetreuungsstudie U15) who lived with at least one child and without a partner in a household at the time of the survey (2016). These individuals were asked to provide additional information on various aspects of their family life. These included questions about the parenting styles of the single parents, contact with the parent living away from home, joint parental responsibilities, and the psychological well-being of the children and the parents themselves. With the help of this information, the study provides a particularly detailed insight into the daily lives of single-parent families and a description of the particular challenges they face. 

Die Situation alleinerziehender Mütter und Väter wird in Deutschland seit einiger Zeit zunehmend diskutiert. Dies liegt auch daran, dass diese Lebensform in den letzten Jahren sowohl in Deutschland als auch international zahlenmäßig deutlich zugenommen hat. Bisherige Studien haben sich jedoch vor allem auf die ökonomische Lage von Alleinerziehenden-Familien konzentriert. Vergleichsweise wenig weiß man bislang zu familiären Prozessen innerhalb dieser Lebensform, zum Kontakt mit dem anderen Elternteil, zur Betreuungssituation und anderen alltäglichen Fragen.

Um diese Lücke zu schließen, wurden aus einer bevölkerungsrepräsentativen Umfrage (DJI-Kinderbetreuungsstudie U15) 1376 Eltern identifiziert, die zum Erhebungszeitpunkt (2016) mit mindestens einem Kind und ohne einen Partner in einem Haushalt lebten. Diese Personen wurden gebeten, zusätzliche Angaben zu verschiedenen Aspekten ihres Familienlebens zu machen. Darunter befanden sich Fragen zu den Erziehungsstilen der Alleinerziehenden, zum Kontakt mit dem außer Haus lebenden Elternteil, zur gemeinsamen Wahrnehmung elterlicher Aufgaben sowie zu dem psychischen Wohlbefinden der Kinder und der Eltern selbst. Mithilfe dieser Angaben ermöglicht die Studie einen besonders detaillierten Einblick in den Alltag von Alleinerziehenden-Familien sowie eine Beschreibung der besonderen Herausforderungen, vor denen diese Familien stehen.

Zum Projekt

AID:A Migration


Evaluation projects

How couples divide work, family and domestic work depends not only on the framework conditions set by politicians and employers, but is also determined by gender norms. But how are these gender roles developed? International studies indicate that gender-specific socialisation during childhood and adolescence plays a major role.

Against this background, the project "Development of Family Images - AID:A-Panel III" examines the influence of parents' role attitudes and work-sharing patterns on their children's ideas of partnership, parenthood and family division of labour. 

The aim of the project is to show the extent to which parents in Germany have a partnership-based division of work and family work and to identify factors that are decisive for an egalitarian, non-traditional or traditional division of labour. Although the traditional family model is becoming less important with women's increasing participation in the labour market and higher level of education, in many families fathers are still more active than mothers, whereas mothers very often take on the greater share of family work. 

Peer relationships of young people

Infantile well-being in family stressful situations

Gender-(un)specific occupational aspirations in the context of informal learning

AID:A Competence Teams

Competence Team

Social Monitoring

Competence Team


Competence Team