On behalf of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women, and Youth (BMFSFJ), the DJI investigates the institutional care of children under 15 years in Germany (U15; 2016/2017) and of non-school and primary school age (U12; from 2018) in the scope of an annual, representative large-scale survey of parents in the federal states.

The BMFSFJ counts good childcare and early support for all children among the most important future tasks in Germany. The creation of childcare offers that meet the demand of parents is an important prerequisite for enabling young families to combine family and work.

Beside official statistics that inform on the expansion of the daycare system, it is mainly the parents that can provide information on the correspondence of offer and demand. This parental demand is subject of the DJI Childcare Study (KiBS).

The study follows the DJI-KiföG study conducted from 2012 to 2015, which investigated the parental demand and current childcare situation of children under three years of age at state and federal level from the parents' perspective. KiBS goes beyond its predecessor study by focusing on older children for the first time.

The expansion of the age range among the target children is particularly important and innovative in view of the fact that schoolchildren are not yet legally entitled to a childcare place.

The study deals with the care of children under the age of 15 (2016/2017) and 12 years (from 2018) from the perspective of parents. The following topics will be researched:

  • Childcare situation and demand, including informal care arrangements comprising, e.g., grandparents or siblings
  • Satisfaction with the offer used
  • Expectations regarding daycare quality and the evaluation of its implementation
  • Reasons for nonuse of daycare
  • Difficulties with the organisation of childcare
  • Compatibility of family and work
  • Regional differences, e.g. with respect to the use of institutional childcare

The DJI Childcare Study (KiBS) has been conducted since 2016 as a representative survey with approx. 35,000 parents of children under the age of 15 (2016/2017) and 29,000 under the age of 12 (from 2018). Based on random samples from the residents' registration office around 2,300 parents are interviewed in each federal state. This means that the same number of parents are interviewed in each federal state regardless of its size. The youngest age cohort children under one year of age, is drawn each year anew, while the older children continue the panel survey. As not all parents repeatedly participate in proximate years, so-called refresher cases supplement the sample.

The parent principally caring for the child is interviewed; in more than 90 per cent of the interviews, this is the child's mother. The duration of a telephone interview (CATI) is about 20 minutes per person.

Further publications:

Interactive maps: fruehe-chancen.de


+49 89 62306-322
Deutsches Jugendinstitut
Nockherstr. 2
81541 Munich

Additional Information