Young-male-specific Approaches to the Prevention of Violence

Centre for the Prevention of Youth Crime (Hrsg.) (2007):
Young-male-specific Approaches to the Prevention of Violence. 18 Propositions based on five expert reports. Deutsches Jugendinstitut
The Centre for the Prevention of Youth Crime commissioned five expert reports aimed at describing the current status of young-male-specific violence prevention.

The underlying assumptions were:
  • There is a largely undisputed and criminologically demonstrable correlation, as indicated above, between violent behaviour and masculinity;

  • In current standard educational practice, young-male-specific (gender-aware) programmes aimed at violence prevention still play no more than a marginal role;

  • Violence-prevention programmes have not hitherto sufficiently addressed the different life-situations and problem-situations of young males;

  • Gender-specific violence-prevention programmes permit easier access to young males and a better working relationship with them; so there should be further development of programmes of this type.
  • All the research teams were asked to address the following questions:
  • Are there specific violence-prevention programmes for young males? If so, how are they structured, what are their theoretical premisses, and in what way does their theory relate to standard practice?

  • In the programmes, what role is played by physicality?

  • What images of the young male or of masculinity are invoked by the young-male-specific approaches, and what are their a priori theoretical assumptions?

  • Is there a gender-specific approach to work with parents?
  • Are opportunities afforded for individual reflection on male and female gender roles and role-model representation, and are such opportunities in-stitutionalised?
  • What role is played by the various ethnic backgrounds?
  • In what way is the issue of social environment addressed?
  • Teams were also requested to furnish short accounts of experience in other European countries, where possible.

    The findings from the five research programmes are summarised in the form of 18 propositions.