Clusters of relative deprivation for children under 12 years of age

Eichhorn, Thomas/Boll, Christina/Zerle-Elsäßer, Claudia/Leßmann, Ortrud/Eichhorn, Harald (2024):
Clusters of relative deprivation for children under 12 years of age.
While contemporary studies of relative deprivation typically compare adults, households, or regions, we compare children according to whether and to what extent they are deprived. We use the data from the German family survey “Growing up in Germany (in short: AID:A)” 2019. In contrast to the counting approach usually applied to compare deprived and non-deprived social entities, we classify the children into different types of relative deprivation using a Ward cluster analysis. We then use multinomial logistic regression models to estimate each child's probability of being assigned to each type, using predictors related to the children, their household, and the region in which they live. Our results indicate the prevalence of relative deprivation of children covaries with economic resources available to the children’s households. Resource inequalities partially mediate differences in deprivation risks by family type and migration background. Further, we find only marginal differences between children within the same household.