On behalf of two ministries of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), the Ministry for Schools and Education and the Ministry for Children, Family, Refugees and Integration (MKFFI) the Forschungsverbund TU Dortmund/DJI (Research association of TU Dortmund and the DJ) investigates, supported by the DJI Munich, parents' demands for all-day school places for primary school children in the largest federal state NRW. This takes place on a small-scale regional level. In addition, the determinants of the parental demand will be identified.

Over the past 15 years, all-day schools have significantly changed the way children and young people grow up and contributed to the (re)design of today's childhoods (Bundesministerium für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend 2013). The open all-day school (OGS) is intended to be a high-quality educational and childcare facility and to support parents in their educational work (Altermann et al. 2018; Arnoldt/Steiner 2015). The current debates on open all-day schools therefore often focus on topics that are of particular relevance to parents.

For the implementation of a legal claim by 2025 agreed at federal level in the coalition agreement, not only various legal and financial implementation steps are necessary. In addition, research desiderata become obvous, which are to be countered by answering the questions mentioned below.

The aim of the project, running until the end of 2020 at the Forschungsverbund TU Dortmund/DJI, is to gain insights into the extent and variance of parents' demands for childcare in the form of a full-day place for primary school children in North Rhine-Westphalia on a small-scale regional level. In addition, the causal factors are to be identified. It is also of interest how the demand is specific in regional perspective.

When investigating parental demands further factors also play a role, such as the needed time scope of childcare, reasons for use or non-use or the preferred type of childcare.

In addition, the survey creates a data basis for demand and cost analyses, which are a necessary condition for the research project to compile model calculations about the expansion of the childcare offers and about the lack of pedagogical personnel.

The task of the DJI in the project is to produce a reliable database for NRW. The surveys carried out to date have too small numbers of observations to serve as a concrete planning basis for the single municipalities with regard to the provision of a demand-oriented childcare offer (cf. Alt et al. 2018). The production of the data basis comprises the adaptation of the technical questionnaire, the drawing of a sample, the cooperation with the survey institute and the preparation of a ready-to-use data set. The survey uses the approved questionnaire of the DJI Childcare Study (KiBS).

 

 

With the database produced by the DJI, the Forschungsverbund TU Dortmund/DJI can then answer a number of important questions for which research desiderata exist:  

  • To what extent do how many parents need institutional childcare for their children in primary school?
  • Which demand for childcare do parents have during the school holidays?
  • How do the parental needs differ depending on alternative settlement structures?
  • Which parents are satisfied with the childcare offer their child uses (e.g. with the quality and used time slots)?
  • Which form of childcare do parents prefer?
  • How does the demand for childcare change with increasing child age?
  • Do form and extent of demand for all-day school places depend from the population size of the municipalities?
  • Which sociodemographic characteristics are related to the different parental demands for all-day school places?
  • Why do families not use institutional childcare?
  • How do parents reconcile work and family if they do not use institutional childcare?
  • Does the used childcare place cover the time scale of childcare required?

 

In particular, the produced data set will enable us to carry out analyses differentiated by settlement structure so that a solid planning basis for municipalities of different sizes will be generated. Additionally, analyses can differ between class levels and alternative socio-demographic variables.

The affiliation of the project to KiBS and the use of its methods make it possible to match the KiBS data with the data from NRW, by far the most populous federal state, so that joint analyses can also be realised.

In order to reliably answer all questions and thus be able to meet the diverse research desiderata, an additional representative sample for North Rhine-Westphalia will be drawn in cooperation with the 2019 survey wave of the DJI Childcare Study (KiBS) in order to obtain additional data for this federal state based on an already tested survey instrument.

 

The sample for NRW should comprise 150 municipalities with 5,000 cases (200 sample points) in the age group of five to ten year old children who are currently in primary school. The questionnaire applied in KiBS will be also used here but has to be adapted in parts.

 

 

Alt, Christian/Gedon, Benjamin/Hubert, Sandra/Hüsken, Katrin/Lippert, Kerstin (2018): DJI‐Kinderbetreuungsreport 2018. Inanspruchnahme und Bedarfe bei Kindern bis 14 Jahre aus Elternperspektive – ein Bundesländervergleich. München.

Altermann, André/Lange, Mirja/Menke, Simone/Rosendahl, Johannes/Steinhauer, Ramona/Weischenberg, Julia (2018): Bildungsberichterstattung Ganztagsschule NRW. Dortmund. URL: http://www.forschungsverbund.tu-dortmund.de/fileadmin/user_upload/BiGa_2018_Webversion.pdf.

Arnoldt, Bettina/ Steiner, Christine (2015): Perspektiven von Eltern auf die Ganztagsschule. In Zeitschrift für Familienforschung, 27 (2), S. 209‐226.

Bundesministerium für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend (Hrsg.) (2013): 14. Kinder‐ und Jugendbericht. Bericht über die Lebenssituation junger Menschen und die Leistungen der Kinderund Jugendhilfe in Deutschland. Berlin.

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