The survey aims at collecting data on the relative importance of health-related prevention projects (e.g. alignment, target groups, evaluation research). The information on health measures in EU Member States will include models of "good practice" which will be discussed in two workshops and distributed by the international cooperation partners in order to improve prevention programmes in all relevant areas.

The purpose of the survey is to collate data on health-related prevention projects and programmes for young people. Such projects focus on health education and changing health-related behaviour and social conditions. Based on the earlier EU reports and other sources, there are various public health problem zones to be discussed, for example:
Health-related risk behaviour of young people and resulting traffic hazardsDue to their high-risk driving style (often under the influence of alcohol), young men aged 15 to 24 run an especially high physical risk. Statistics show that almost every third person aged 15 to 18 who was involved in a car accident with personal injuries had been under the influence of alcohol. Low self-esteem and their general willingness to take risks frequently results in near-miss accidents. Many lack the social resource support base that would impede psychosocial stress that leads to health-related risk behaviour such as drinking, smoking and the consumption of pharmaceutical and illegal drugs.
Consequently, special preventive programmes are needed that are more effective than purely informative and deterrent programmes.

Socially disadvantaged young peopleSocially disadvantaged young people suffer more frequently from behavioural disorders, aggression, problems with social contacts, drinking and drug consumption than other young people. One way of helping these young people, is to influence the factors in their social environment that have adversely affected their situation or reduced their chances in life from the s beginning. Preventive action, which is a social, educational and communal responsibility, should begin by addressing these social factors, perhaps even as a separate issue.

Special competence training, for example, is one possible preventive approach to improve the personal situation of young people. Via well-structured behavioural training, these methods may help many young people to improve their pessimistic attitude towards their own future. These training programmes aim at teaching young people the social competencies they need to improve their social behaviour and attitude towards work. Such training may target certain groups, and may help the members of such groups to improve their personal situations and to cope better with stress.

3. MethodologyThe planned empirical study will consist of a partly standardized survey based on a questionnaire with a maximum of 30 brief and structured questions to be drafted by the project coordinator(s) and then revised in cooperation partners during the first workshop. The questions will be tailored to the specific national situations of the EU Member States and translated into the respective national languages. The Survey sample should not exceed 100 interviews. If necessary, it can be combined with other techniques, since the questionnaire alone will presumably not supply sufficient information. The inclusion of further documented material in the projects is planned. Asking for contact persons prepared to conduct telephone interviews on special aspects of the projects is also advisable.

Contents of the questionnaireThe questionnaire will include the subject matter of the project, its organization, the institutions behind existing programmes, the target population, the number of participants and the project area. Additionally, it will also inquire about project methodology, project-related networks between the institutions offering and the institutions funding the measures, the project's information base, its evaluation specifically inquiring about: 1.) Project sponsors, 2.) Project organizations, 3.) Data or information base, 4.) Targets and methods, 5.) Level and networking, 6.) Evaluation, 7.) Public relations, publications.

4. Target group
The target group will comprise of institutions active in health promotion, which include: national or private organizations, research institutes, universities, national or private health insurance companies, medical organizations, initiatives, working and self-help groups.

5. Data evaluationThe survey will include feedback monitoring, i.e. all questionnaires used in the survey will be reviewed and possible errors corrected. "Non-response" organizations, for example, will have to be approached again. Project-related data should be entered in electronic storage media, and processed according to standardized and non-standardized categories. Additional information gained from documented material should be incorporated into the profiles of the respective projects. The data will be evaluated and described by the respective project partners and documented in a brief national report written in English. Possible project profiles in English will be submitted to the coordinators for statistical purposes. The results of the survey will be presented and discussed in a workshop. The national reports will then be combined to produce an overall final report. to be published after the second workshop as health-related EU literature.


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